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Alexander Springs

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Spring Characteristics

Qualities of this spring
Spring NameAlexander Springs
Alternate NameNot Available
General Location12.5 miles NE of Umatilla
Section, Twsp, RangeLevy grant Sec. 39, T. 16 S., R. 27 E
Multiple VentsYes
Age of Water <42 years
Source AquiferFloridan Aquifer
Public or PrivatePublic


Lat. 29°04'50" N, Long. 81°34'30" W

From Astor Park the spring site is about 6 miles south. Drive south on State Road (SR) 445A from the junction with SR 40 for 0.5 mile, continuing south on SR 445 for 6 miles to the spring entrance.

From Umatilla the spring site is about 12.5 miles northeast. Drive north on State Road 19 about 7.5 miles to the intersection of SR-445. Turn east on SR-445 for about 5 miles to the spring entrance.

At the entrance to Alexander Springs turn north and drive 0.2 mile to the parking area; the spring is 500 feet northeast.


The large spring pool measures over 300 feet from north to south and 250 feet from east to west. The pool bottom near the beach is mostly sandy. The semicircular pool is bounded by semitropical forest at the base of low, pine-wooded sand hills to the north and east. A broad sand swimming beach forms the southwest edge of the pool and extends 200–300 feet down the southwest bank of the spring run.

The force of the discharging water causes a conspicuous, large-diameter boil at the water’s surface over the spring orifice. The pool depth is 25 feet at the vent. The bottom is mostly sand with limestone exposed near the vent. A vertical ledge running north to south occurs near the vent. There are multiple vents in a tight cluster. The water is clear and blue. The bottom is mostly sand with limestone exposed near the vent. Native aquatic grasses are plentiful. Thin algae patches are present on limestone substrate. Many fish including bass and bluegill can be seen in the pool along with an occasional alligator. Other wildlife can be found in the park and its aquatic and walking trails.

Alexander Spring is the only 1st magnitude spring in the federal parks and forests system (Florida Geological Survey Bull. 66).


The water that pours from the giant spring flows for the first 5 miles as a broad, clear, slow-moving stream. After that, there is a transition to a narrow, winding stream and the once again the stream becomes broad and slow moving. The pool discharges directly to a run about 150 feet wide that flows northwest a short distance, then curves north and then east to the St. Johns River.

The spring area has been developed by the U.S. Forest Service into a multiple-use recreational facility. The area is open to the public. It offers clean beaches and clear water; provides picnic and camping facilities, nature trails, and boat rentals; and allows swimming, scuba diving, and snorkeling. The canoe run is usually open and is an easy trip. However, sometimes during the late summer, water hyacinths may jam the stream.

Contact Information

Ocala National Forest
Seminole Ranger District
40929 State Road 19
Umatilla, FL 32784
(352) 669-3153

Historic Information

Currently, there are no historic information documents or links associated with this resource. Please check back soon.